Pedagogy

Introduction

Our Cambridge English is designed to enrich learner experience through a wide range of constructive activities such as; songs, real world projects, TPR activities, and language games that induce interest in learning by relating to learners' prior knowledge. Variety of materials are included to foster in-depth understanding.

Interactive learning

Interactive equipment allows learners and teachers to interact with the materials and topics in a lively manner. Thus, it raises leaning experience to a completely new level.

Student centred approach

Students take active role in their own learning, hence, interacting with language materials and concepts, sharing and interacting with their peers, and actively participating in their learning process. This promotes higher thinking skill, in-depth understanding, and high memory retention.

Real world skills

Young learner lessons are designed to involve 4 core skills, which include; listening, speaking, reading, and writing. This all rounded approach allows student to internalise language usage in a practical and natural manner. The skills developed are highly useful when they face real world environment later. For example, reading passages, dialogs, chant, jokes, fiction, and articles, creative writing using new words and letters learned, listening to songs and chants, answering questions, singing songs, retelling stories, role-play, doing group projects and making presentation in front of class. These activities enhance learner English usage in a spontaneous and natural manner.

Vocabulary development

To learn new words, young learners require multiple exposures to the new words in order to internalise it, each exposure leads to the assimilation of more information and allows for accommodation in a better schema to construct new meaning of the words.

Young learners learn by relating prior knowledge and surrounding, they construct and store new meaning in a structural way according to hierarchical, categories, and chapters. Lessons are planned by taking into account their cognitive process and student maturity level. In addition, learners are provided with materials and interactive tools to assist learning experience.

Learn Grammar naturally

Learners are exposed to grammar in a natural way through; songs, stories, dialog, and other context, instead of teaching grammar in the form of rules which makes learning it a burden. Grammar rules are introduced as a reference using examples, comics, flash card, posters, and other forms of visual materials, instead of just memorising something in text form.

Foster Creative and critical thinking skills

Tasks are designed to involve divergent and convergent thinking, learners learn to produce multiple answers, bring information from various sources to solve problem and task given, which require their imagination and originality. Besides that, different tasks also require learners to compare, apply, and evaluate information learned to instil critical thinking skills. These make learning more meaningful and promote retention of knowledge for life.

Attention to Individual differences

We are aware that individuals have different learning traits, learning styles, prior knowledge and abilities. Our lessons incorporate activities and materials that cope with different learning styles and abilities. Topics and lessons involve Visual materials (Visual learner) such as picture, illustration and graphic; listening material (Auditory learner) such as CD and multimedia; Games (Kinaesthetic) that require physical response; group work (Field dependent) and structural presentation (Field Independent). This variety of activities approach covers most learners learning preference and style. Extra materials are also available to challenge learners with higher abilities

Relate to prior knowledge

Contents are carefully selected from a variety of areas such as History, Science, Literature, songs, Social studies, and Global environment studies. These topics provide opportunity to relate new information with their prior knowledge, which lead to higher interest and learning that is more meaningful.

Student centred learning

Learners are involved in projects, which encourage active participation, developing creative problem solving skills, application of new language in related context, promoting higher order thinking skills. Example of projects include; group presentations, creating posters, role-plays, puppet shows, murals, researches, and many more. Learners also learn social skills and professional attitude by interacting actively with peers for common goals and chanting their favourites repeatedly throughout the school year

Music in learning

Music celebrates new learning; it brings cheer and delight in lessons. Songs motivate students to express the language cheerfully, maximises long-term retention of new vocabulary in an enjoyable way. Our materials include songs that relate theme and targets relevant context.

Chant

Chants are also included in lessons to help reinforce pronunciation, intonation, words retention as well as structure of English sentences.

Games

Meaningful games excite learners' anticipation in language usage, interactive language games selected to target specific learning goals, instill interest and motivation to maximise their language usage skills. Students are stimulated in all senses in total physical response activities. These enrich their learning experience and retention to the fullest.

Philosophy

At CLH, we carefully plan our courses to reflect on the education philosophies, researches, and proven pedagogy known to us.

We believe that the best learning is the process of constructing meaning that involve applications, social interactions, relate prior knowledge, and other high thinking skills. These methodologies create value and sense by relating knowledge to learners themselves. The result is that the human mind is induced and motivated to assimilate more information in order to achieve equilibrium of learning.

In CLH, learners don’t just learn language skills, but topics actually cover general knowledge about the world, activities that help develop social skills, as well as high thinking skills. Students find themselves at the same time developing language skills, general knowledge, and real world skills.

Goals

  • To communicate in English in variety of contexts

  • Social skills and interpersonal skills

  • Real world skills

  • Creative thinking skills

  • Critical thinking skills

  • Reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills

  • Learning and Exam strategies.

  • Independent thoughts

  • Inspiration and guidance

  • Problem solving skills

  • Inquiry skills

  • Divergent thinking

  • Convergent thinking

Our lessons provide variety of activities in language learning to maintain interest on topics learnt and ensure better internalisation, this activities include; role- playing, discussions, projects, research, games, presentation, creative writing, singing, and chanting. By learning interactively and participating actively, learners develop language skills quickly, thus, promoting higher order thinking skills. Learners acquire problem-solving skills, gain more control and responsibility of their own learning. These skills will be crucial in their adult life.

Learning and cognition

Lessons are carefully designed to reflect on education theory.

Constructivism

We believe learning is an active process. Knowledge is best constructed by one’s active experience, interacting with prior knowledge, and synthesizing new meaning. Knowledge cannot be transferred directly like a recorder; due to everyone have different prior experience.

Social constructivism

Students learn by collaboration, thus, they exchange ideas with each other. According to Lev Vygotsky, knowledge is socially and culturally constructed, for example, when students share and talk about a topic they gain more understanding of the topic by assimilating additional information from each other

Zone of Proximal development (ZPD)

Teacher constant evaluation of learners’ level provides a little more challenging task for learners; hence, it encourages them to improve. However, it will not be too difficult so that the learners don't get discouraged and frustrated. The teacher provides just enough support to learners such as clear instructions, goals, and tools for learners to advance further and work independently (scaffolding). Little challenges at a time with adult help, build learners' satisfaction of achievement and confidence, it also motivates learners to seek more challenge.

Motivation

Generating interest that drive learners to learn, in order to achieve learning goals.

There are several ways our teachers are trained to keep students in high spirit of learning.

Reinforcements (Operant conditioning)

Several kinds of reinforcement

They include; smiles, good eye contact, voice intonation, nods, thumb up, and so many more.

Rewards

Gifts, stickers, or stars will be awarded when students manage to complete their tasks as told.

Quick and delayed feedback

Quick feedback for activities ad tasks such as Q&A. However, feedback for more complicated tasks such as Exam, assignment, and projects will take more time.

Praise

The learners will be praised when they earn it, hence, they will be able to appreciate the teacher’s praise. .

Keller's ARCS

Attention-Teacher use multimedia, videos, songs, surprises, illustrations, and other tools to arouse curiosity and attention in teaching.

Relevance

Relate topics to learners' prior knowledge, learners construct new knowledge relying on their connection from the past. For example, they can relate animals with their pets at home. It builds up interest and value of topics in learners.

Confidence

It allows students take ownership of learning, set their goals, and take responsible of their learning. This way, learners gain self-efficiency and independence.

Satisfaction

It provides opportunity to apply their new learnt skills and knowledge to projects, activities, or tasks. In addition, it helps build high satisfaction of learning; learners test the value of the knowledge gained.

Learning Material

Our learning materials are packed with student friendly topics, fun games, songs, chant, stories, projects, and TPR activities that motivate learners' participation and success in English learning!